How to prune roses? or what do we want to achieve by pruning roses?
Before pruning. I have noticed a change in the last few years in the way people think about pruning roses. The new approach is to avoid hard (winter) pruning every year, unless the condition of the rose bush requires it. Pruning rose bushes younger than 2 years old is not recommended, so be patient, It’ll be worth the wait! Before pruning your rose bushes, please take a good look to see if there are still flowers blooming. If there are some, cut them gently and make yourself a bouquet.
When? Lopping, which means removing dried flowers, leaves and branches, can be done the whole year round.
How? Before you start pruning, take a good look at the shape of your roses bush. Every rose bush has a general form, it kinda’ looks like a bush ;). I recommend starting with the stems of the outer circle, the stems that sit beneath the center circle – it should give you a round canopy shape. If you look at the picture above, you can see that my rose bush has that kind of general round canopy look. I deliberately chose this photo to show you that my rose bush is far from perfect or picturesque. This specific rose bush had been neglected for a while, as you can see from the density, or lack thereof…. It’s undoubtedly a mess, but there is a good reason. In this case, I decided to keep it at the same height throughout the year. It’s just the way I like it.
After you’ve made the first cut, you'll get a better look inside the rose bush and it will be easier to remove every small twig and dead, diseased, or crossing stems. Crossing stems are those shoots that grow from the stem below the bud - prune them where they start growing – you can be heartless with those - prune your way deeper into the bush and remove those suckers – yes, confidently and with zeal! Shape and prune your roses as they grow. If you keep the height of the stems balanced and the center open, your rose bushes will be the center of attraction of your garden.
And that's how my rose looks like after i pruned him. i pruned like that just to show you how but the reality is that he was so neglected that i head no choice. please do remember that there is no reason to prune like that every season. i could prune it half size and it was fine enough. it's a pattern, each time after pruning rose bushes you can see the shape of a cup. the centre is clean and wide open. leading stems pointing out and very soon that rose bush would be something to be proud of.
How to prune roses? begin with the micro. pick one stem and follow it from top to bottom. As you scan the stem, you'll come across leaf clusters at different heights. You can see that there are two kinds of leaf cluster - one with 3 leaves, the other with 5. As you move down along the stem, at some point there will be no more leaves, but you will be able to see buds or nodes. In both cases, always prune at least ¼ inch above one of the leaf clusters, or above the node or bud.
As you can see in the picture, I marked the place to cut in red. Please also take note of the angle and the correct space above the bud.
The most important part in how to prune roses is the social part. We (my daughters and I) prune our roses just before they dry. It's fun and rewarding (when you’re not getting pricked). And yes, my girls know how to prune the entire rose bush by themselves. We can talk for hours about how to prune roses, but for me it's not just about the roses, it’s about who I spend my time with… think about it – who do you like to prune with? Or perhaps I should be asking, who are you pruning roses for??
Providing general guidelines on 'how to prune' any kind of plant is important, but there are plants, and there is YOUR plant. So despite there being loads of information on this site, I also provide specific and personalized support. If something wasn't clear, or you're not sure of your plant's name, simply send me a picture with your question. Use the form below and I'll get back to you. In the mean time, see what others are asking.